Everybody knows that when applying for any job, you will have to submit a CV, a resume that informs the reader of any educational qualifications that you have and where you got them, as well as any work experience you may have and with whom. As everybody knows about the need for a CV, most people have one prepared on file which they just have to update if the need arises. However, the CV cannot be sent on its own, it will have to be accompanied by a cover letter that introduces you and your CV to the manager that is hiring. As each cover letter has to different, depending on the company you are applying to and the position you are seeking, it is not something that you can have on file awaiting use, it has to be individually written for each job you apply for. It is usual that the person hiring will first look at the cover letter and only after having read that, look at the CV. This means that if there are a lot of applicants and the reviewer wants to reduce the numbers, they may do so after just looking at the cover letters; not even looking at all the CVs. This means that the reviewers attention must be caught by the cover letter and be impressive enough to warrant them looking at the CV. Although some of the best cover letters are written using a template that can be found online, some of the information must be changed to apply to each application.
A good cover letter will cover 5 basic points, yet will be compact with only relevant information contained in it. The first of these 5 points is to greet the reader and in order to make that greeting as pleasant as possible, it is better if it can be addressed by name to the person that is hiring. In order to do that though, you will of course have to know that person’s name but if you do not, at least address to the position they hold. Secondly the letter should cover as to why you are applying and how you learned about the opening. The third to cover is to show you have knowledge of the position that is open and of the company. In the next part of the letter you may want to site relevant qualifications or experience you may have. This does not mean repeating all the information on your CV as they will already have that but you should use the letter to highlight one specific point on the CV, the most relevant for the position you are seeking. Lastly you should indicate that you are keen to be accepted and this can perhaps be done by requesting an interview rather than just saying you would like to hear from them.
General tip; never lie in your cover letter as they will have that with them should you get an interview and any indications that you may have lied, will certainly result in you not being accepted.